NEWS | MONU #12 REAL URBANISM released!
MONU – magazine on urbanism is a unique bi-annual international forum for artists, writers and designers that are working on topics of urban culture, development and politics. Each issue collects essays, projects and photographs from contributors from all over the world to a given topic. Thus MONU examines topics that are important to the future of our cities and urban regions from a variety of perspectives. Today, they’re releasing MONU #12: REAL URBANISM
Just like the “Ideal Woman” on the cover of this issue on Real Urbanism – a sculpture by the Brooklyn based artist Tony Matelli – most of our cities are shaped by a particular set of values that does not necessarily lead to high quality urban spaces, but instead to scary, ethically unacceptable and distorted forms. As the “Ideal Woman”, so “Ideal Cities” can easily end up only fulfilling the wishes and dreams of a powerful minority, but neglect the needs of most of the other people. Jason Lee, one of the contributors to this issue, that deals more with “Real Estate” Urbanism rather than with Actual or Factual Urbanism, uses this sculpture in his article “Luxury Space” to display the consequences that can occur when a financially powerful elite develops real estate projects in the city of Shanghai merely to accommodate their consumerist desires.
Cities have been reduced to machines for making and spending money as Stephen Becker and Rob Holmes [yes, our dear friends from mammoth] put it in their piece “The Shelter Category”. Especially in Central European countries, where two decades ago the state-controlled economy changed into a market-economy, developers are driven by pure profit rather than by a genuine desire or even awareness of sustainable neighbourhoods and city development as Maximilian Mendel describes in his text “Residential Developers and Investors in Central Europe: Boom and Bust”. But blaming only the financial elites and the real estate industry for the prevailing urbanism of mediocrity would be too easy. For successful urban planning, cities depend on private financing as Carol Moukheiber points out in her contribution “Solidere, Inc., or Downtown Beirut”, where a productive collaboration between a corporate and a cooperative party led – although heavily criticised and carried out in a kind of pseudo democratic Berlusconian way – to prosperous results. In the case of Rotterdam, where the municipality actually cares very little about the city, real estate developers seem to be even more concerned about the quality of urban spaces than the city itself, as stated by Andre Kempe in an interview with us entitled “Rotterdam is a Whore”.
To halt the process by which the built-up form of our cities continues to be mainly driven by practical concerns such as efficiency, profit, and self-promotion, Randall Teal proposes in his piece “Real Creativity: A Case for Ethical Freedom in Architecture” that architects should become developers themselves. But how many architects would be able and interested in doing that? Magriet Smit, a Rotterdam based real estate developer, explains in the interview “Life without Architects” that she actually tries more and more to avoid working with planners and rather collaborates directly with construction companies as they share a greater understanding of their profession. But to prevent our cities from turning into monstrous “Ideal Cities”, as perverted as the “Ideal Woman”, all the parties involved that are shaping the cities – the developers, the municipalities and the planners – have to accept their interdependencies, and have to try to understand the different interests of each party and have to dare to navigate into unknown territory as Bjarke Ingels concludes in an interview with us entitled “Real Big”.